A new type of sponge is found every year.5. Barrel Sponge via flickr/NOAA Photo Library. They are able to filter many litres of sea water every few seconds. The Blue Barrel Sponges' tissues contains … It is common at depths greater than 10 metres (33 ft) down to 120 metres (390 ft) and can reach a diameter of 1.8 metres (6 feet). Sponge cells do not have specialized purposes. It is also known as Xestospongia Muta and it has brittle, incompressible, and easy to break consistency. Learn More. They feed on plankton. Various critters can often be found resting inside these sponges. Some deep-water sponges can live for over 200 years! On the reefs oV Key Largo, Florida, mean densities of X. muta are »0.2 sponges m¡2 Adult sponges are sessile animals that live attached to hard rocky surfaces, shells, or submerged objects. It’s habitat is on mid range to deep coral … The class is Demospongiae. When a part of a sponge breaks off, the broken part will form a new sponge. Dark Volcano Sponge. Their colour can vary if growing in the light or when growing in the shade. Dr. M May 8, 2014 Barrel Sponge giant largest record holder It is probably this 2.5 meter (8.2 feet) diameter giant that was a tourist attraction for scuba divers visiting Curaçao in … Giant barrel sponges, like all sponges, are attached to the reef surface and are unable to move. Giant Pyrosome. The giant barrel sponge (Xestospongia muta) is the largest species of sponge found growing on Caribbean coral reefs. Members of this group include glass sponges, demosponges, and calcareous sponges. 4. ... That means a basketball-sized sponge could filter an entire residential pool in one day. To see several of my wildlife images on apparel, accessories, and many other fun products, visit my Zazzle store. The giant barrel sponge (Xestospongia muta) can live to be 2,300 years old, like the oldest known redwood tree. These specimens may be over 100 years old, as the sponges grow only about 1.5 cm a year. You might be surprised by what you don't know about these oddly charismatic gelatinous creatures. The domain is Eukarya. Sponges can cotain 16,000 other animals inside of it. The genus is Xestospongia. The giant barrel sponge has been called the "redwoodof the reef" because of its size and estimated lifespan of hundreds to a thousand or more years. They are impressive in their size and their presence in the underwater world, but the facts about them and their importance to the health of the reef and the ocean is truly surprising. Red-Orange Encrusting Sponge. Illustration of a giant barrel sponge (Xestospongia muta) used in a life history poster. ... Spongilla lacustris. Some Giaint Barrel Sponges in the Caribbean may be over 2,300 years old, making them some of the most long-lived animals on Earth. Cool Facts: The Blue Barrel Sponge dominates coral reef communities. Take a few moments to revel in these fun facts about jellyfish. found during their scuba dive and snorkelling excursions. Classification The Encrusting Sponge K. Animalia P. Porifera C. Demospongiae O. Poecilosclerida F. Crambeidae G. Monachora S. Monachora Arbuscula Habitat They encrust dead areas of reefs, encrusting forms especially around the bases of living coral heads They distribute Video conferencing best practices: Tips to make meeting online even better; Oct. 8, 2020. Oct. 14, 2020. Giant Kelp. Also referred to as the “redwood of the 2. Various critters can often be found resting inside these sponges. Sponges come in a range of sizes from minuscule encrusting species under rocks to massive sponges which can be up to one and half metres high. Learn More. The chemicals that a sponge produces are being used to find a cure for cancer and many other diseases!